Making Tax Digital represents a significant change to the way in which taxpayers record their financial information and submit tax returns. At Cleaver Cook LLP, we can provide guidance on the key aspects of MTD for individuals.
The government has started phasing in its landmark MTD initiative, which will see taxpayers move to a fully digital tax system.
In this factsheet we outline some of the key issues for individuals including the Personal Tax Account and Simple Assessment.
Making Tax Digital
Making Tax Digital for Business (MTDfB) was introduced in the 2015 Spring Budget. The government’s ‘Making Tax Easier’ document was published shortly after, and outlined plans for the ‘end of the tax return’. It also set out the government’s vision to modernise the UK’s tax system, with digital tax accounts set to replace tax returns for ten million individuals and five million small businesses.
However, industry experts and those within the accountancy sector expressed concerns over the proposed pace and the scale of the introduction of MTDfB. As a result, the government amended the initial timetable for the initiative’s implementation, to allow businesses and individuals ‘plenty of time to adapt to the changes’.
The focus of MTD is currently VAT, which was implemented from April 2019.
The mandation of MTD for ITSA will now be introduced from April 2026, with businesses, self-employed individuals and landlords with income over £50,000 mandated to join first, a change from the current £10,000 limit.
Those with income over £30,000 will be mandated from April 2027.
The government will also review the needs of smaller businesses and look in detail at whether the MTD for ITSA service can be shaped to meet the needs of smaller businesses.
Following the new approach, the government will not extend MTD for ITSA to general partnerships in 2025.
Although MTD has been paused for individuals until at least 2026, HMRC has introduced the Personal Tax Account and Simple Assessment.
The Personal Tax Account
Personal Tax Accounts (PTAs) are digital tax accounts for individuals that have been created by HMRC, and are pre-populated with information held by it. PTAs are designed to permit individual taxpayers to communicate with HMRC, allowing them to update their financial details and check their tax affairs in real time.
Taxpayers may make use of a PTA to make tax payments, provide bank details to HMRC for tax refund purposes and provide details of taxable benefits from employment: for example, the use of a company car.
Individuals can register for a PTA by visiting www.gov.uk/personal-tax-account. The government predicts that, over time, the requirement to complete and file a tax return will lessen for those with straightforward tax affairs.
Under Simple Assessment, HMRC has the power to assess an individual's liability to income tax or capital gains tax, without the taxpayer having to fill out and submit a tax return.
Simple Assessment may be used to deal with the tax liabilities of:
- state pensioners whose state pension is higher than their personal tax allowance where the tax owed cannot be collected via their tax code.
- taxpayers with PAYE liabilities who have underpaid tax and cannot have it collected via their tax code.
Taxpayers are required to ensure that the information provided by HMRC is correct, and pay their income tax liability online, or by cheque, before a specific deadline, as outlined within the letter they receive. If the taxpayer believes the information to be incorrect, customers are given 60 days to contact HMRC.
Those that miss the deadline are encouraged to contact HMRC in order to discuss their circumstances. Individuals who fail to do so may be subject to penalties.
How we can help
Please do contact us for information on MTD.